2) Both clauses are about ¨You¨ so there is no change in speaker, and thus no resulting ¨grammatical doubt¨ and thus no subjunctive. Please upgrade for the best experience. main verb is in a conditional tense. There are so many rules. The subjunctive is a grammatical mood, a feature of the utterance that indicates the speaker's attitude toward it.Subjunctive forms of verbs are typically used to express various states of unreality such as: wish, emotion, possibility, judgement, opinion, obligation, or action that has not yet occurred; the precise situations in which they are used vary from language to language. However, in Mexico you hear "ándale" , córrele, and chéquale, and those aren't technically right. If you already know how to use this verb form, you can skip the explanation and go directly to the exercises. unknown, do not use the personal a and follow it with the subjunctive in the dependent clause. Is that correct. In a previous article, we have talked more lengthily about the French subjunctive. her the truth? case, the if clause in normally in a past subjunctive tense, and the Again, this last is for students, in Rac's link you can see where Lazarus says it is on rare occasion, but it is a good rule until you are so advanced you don't need rules. Si + Pluperfect Subjunctive When I hear it it really jumps out at me as strange. Would you have gone to the party if I had planned it? I’ve never heard or seen such a thing. The simple form of the verb "to go" is "go." It is true that you deserve good grades. You should forget it exists until you do. No porque. So how do we say, 'If you study a lot of Spanish, you will have a great time in Mexico?' Is it still "Je ne suis pas sûr s'il ait raison", or should the indicative verb "a" be used? When I saw her in the street this morning I greeted her, but she looked at me as if she didn't recognise me! By Geraldine Woods . Sais-tu si elle a les billets ? If you want to check that out, go here. The present subjunctive is NOT used after si (“if”)! Unit 4. The use of espérer with the indicative is largely an 'artificial' prescriptive convention. If I had seen her [I didn't • Some times, you can use either the subjunctive or the indicative depending on how certain you are … the subjunctive can be used after si, but its very rare in the present tense. :). Although uses for the subjunctive mood in English are rare, they are difficult enough to make a grown man cry. Rarement n’ai-je vu un tel spectacle. SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. The result part uses the conditional tense to indicate what could or would happen. Si hubiera ahorrado más, ahora tendría más dinero. It obviously isn't. Par exemple… Je ne sais pas si elle a les billets. If you are not at a point in your Spanish studies where you have encountered and know what the Subjunctive Mood is, then you do not have to worry about this guide yet. As far as you need to be concerned, "I eat" is "Yo como". [you aren't] Si Juana estuviera aquí, ¿le (If only you knew how far I have come to find you!) The subjunctive is also used in some hypothetical clauses with si (if) along with the conditional or the past conditional. Again, this last is for students, in Rac's link you can see where Lazarus says it is on rare occasion, but it is a good rule until you are so advanced you don't need rules. conditional perfect in the main clause: Si la hubiera visto, habría dicho algo. For clarification the grammatical rule which is taught in textbooks and you are confused about is that present subjunctive is not used after si. in the if clause, and the conditional in the main clause: Si yo fuera rico compraría un coche. Although you may not know it, you will already be familiar with many of the forms of the present subjunctive, as it is used when giving orders and instructions not to do something as well as in the usted, ustedes and nosotros forms of instructions to do something. Does bien que require the subjunctive? In Spanish, the subjunctive is required after certain expressions. Je ne sais pas si elle a les billets. These clauses express the way something is done. Conditional + si + imperfect subjunctive Si yo fuera el presidente ayudaría a los niños de la calle. :). not come about or is viewed as being completely hypothetical. 1 Using the subjunctive. French subjunctive: Affirmative vs negative statements. The present subjunctive is NOT used after si (if)! Generally speaking, the subjunctive is used in dependent clauses following expressions that imply doubt, emotion, subjectivity, or conjecture. My question is whether this changes if "que" is replaced by "si". When I started seeing it used in past/future I suddenly understood it better in the present. ;-), Probably not for me, but some people have skill and instinct for language, and don't have to beat it into their head like I do. In French, a good way to know if you have to use the subjunctive is if the word que is lurking somewhere nearby.Even though it has several meanings and functions not connected with the subjunctive, this word is so closely tied to the mood that you’ll sometimes see it included with the subjunctive in verb conjugation tables.. Que can set off a phrase where the subjunctive must be used … Savez-vous que je travaille chez Renault ? Si is followed by subjunctive when the condition is unlikely, impossible or unreal. Now that the ground rules are established, let me explain in details the French Subjunctive. It isn’t used when the subject of the main clause and the subject of the subordinate clause are the same → we use the infinitive (introduced by “di“). My question is whether this changes if "que" is replaced by "si". Present Perfect Subjunctive. Even though I know the answers, I don’t want to take the test. I’m afraid he’ll do it. share | improve this question | follow | edited Sep 26 '16 at 15:57. user11550. Si + imperfect subjunctive + conditional or. I’ve rarely seen such a spectacle. You can find more examples in this helpful article. I've heard it alot in Mexico and on Mexican telenovelas. i don't know if it's grammatically correct, but depending on what country you are in i think people will be very relaxed about it! Note that in Spanish, the imperfect (past) subjunctive is used in the si clause, never the conditional. If I were the president I would help the children who live on the street. Es que voy a perder mi vuelo si no me apresuro. The Oxford English /Spanish Dictionary confirms this, as it gives the entry under the Spanish word como: como si (+ subj) as if, as though, Corrijan mi español si es necesario, por favor. Thanks for asking: Original question: If I use the word "imaginar" in Spanish, would I use subjunctive after it? Verbs which require the subjunctive form Conjunctions which are followed by the subjunctive . For instance, siempre que can refer to an event that happens regularly, or whenever a certain condition is met, so in this sense its meaning is factual and would take the indicative. It isn’t used with adjectives expressing certainty (certo, sicuro, convinto, chiaro, evidente, ovvio …) Examples: », but there is no way to turn a subjunctive clause itself into a question. It’s true – there are a lot of patterns of use, and exceptions to the rules… If you’ve studied Spanish for a while, you’ll be used to “exceptions to the rules”! like if i say ''i dont know what you are reading'' how do we say this sentence in spanish? Your example is a hypothetical sentence= subjunctive. Once again, the subjunctive is used after "si" in this specific expression; it is not used with other verbs (no sé si vienen, no sé si lo saben, etc. Si should never be followed by the present subjunctive - but you will hear it. However, in the case of Savez-vous que …, whether or not to use the subjunctive depends: are you asking about a known fact (Did you know …) or actually wondering whether something is true? It is correct to say the specific expression "no sé si sea/sean". I think that it's only a saber-ser specific usage The subjunctive mood is not always used after si as your title seems to imply. Savoir que is not normally used in negative and interrogative statements; it's far more natural to use a si clause in such cases, which means, once again, that the subjunctive is not used: Je ne sais pas si vous avez raison. 1. si takes the indicative but que (meaning 'if') triggers the subjunctive. What would you do It shall require some study... ;-), Yeah, I've had women do that to me as well. It's not my statement, if you read the article. Savez-vous si elle est venue ? I know that no sé si sea is used and what is used is almost always right. So an alternative view is that speakers do indeed 'naturally' treat espérer as taking a non-assertion triggering the subjunctive, just like its other synonyms. – user5389726598465 Oct 8 '17 at 20:53. see her] I would have said something. also, does ''the personal a'' contract with el? would buy a car. Thanks for all your advise! In contrast, the present-tense subjunctive mood typically follows cuando when verb referring to an action or state of being that has yet to occur. Subjunctive mood (el modo subjuntivo): used mostly in subordinate clauses (i.e., in a phrase introduced by a conjunction such as que, como, cuando, si).It conveys the idea that the action of the subordinate verb is regarded as unreal in some way: impossible, possible or probable, hypothetical, desired, requested, due to take place in the future. Use the simple form of the verb. planeado? As always, note that I am not a native speaker. *If I find the right person this is what I will* do.takes the indicative mood, because the if clause is seen as possible, and the rest just declares what you will do if it does, indeed, happen. Use of Subjunctive after Expressions of Opinion and Attitude. In Spanish, the subjunctive is required after certain expressions. `` siempre que '' is `` yo como '' molta pasta in the pantry. that! How to use subjunctive after it being a native I have no idea how or! 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